If you fall sick very often or you have any infection early, then it may be due to lack of WBC.
During the corona virus epidemic, most people’s focus has been on strengthening their immune system. White blood cells are an essential part of this immune system. Many times when we are sick, doctors make us do blood tests and we come to know that there is a lack of white blood cells (WBC) in our blood. However, it is a bit difficult for common people to understand its deficiency. In common language, you understand that white blood cells help you protect against diseases and fight infections. For example, if you have a seasonal infection, then these white blood cells attack and fight the virus and bacteria causing the infection. But when there is a deficiency of these in the body, it is called leukopenia. When we have leukopenia, many symptoms are seen in our body. So, that’s all we spoke to Dr. Sunil Jain, Head of Emergency Medical Services, Jaslok Hospital and Research Center.
Dr. Sunil Jain says that the low number of white blood cells (WBC) is actually a decrease in the number of white blood cells in the blood. White blood cells are few in number, but they are relatively larger than red blood cells. If you are sick with a bacterial infection, you may have a high white blood cell count. Therefore, doctors do a test for the red blood cell count to see how the body is fighting the infection.
Where are white blood cells made?
Regarding WBC, Dr. Sunil Jain also says that white blood cells are formed in our bone marrow. In fact, a lack of red blood cells in the body indicates immunosuppression, which means you’re more vulnerable to serious infections that don’t get better or are more difficult to treat. The number of WBCs is also low in virus infection like covid 19.
The number of white blood cells (WBC) in the body is usually checked by a doctor during routine tests or during the diagnosis and treatment of an underlying disease, disorder, or condition. A normal WBC count is about 4,500 to 10,000 WBCs per microliter of blood. So, a low WBC count usually means less than 3,500 WBC per microliter of blood. But this number varies depending on the medical laboratory, the particular test used, and the individual medical practice. Some people may naturally have a slightly lower white blood cell count. Apart from this, they vary according to age and gender.
What happens if you have low white blood cells?
If white blood cells are low, then there can often be problems related to bone marrow.
Autoimmune diseases can occur.
There is a decrease in platelets in the blood.
Serious infection may occur.
You may become weak and fall ill again and again.
Causes of low white blood cells
- Caused by certain drugs such as antipsychotic drugs, immunosuppressive drugs and some antiseptics
- During chemotherapy and cancer treatment
- Caused by influenza
- Due to diseases that weaken the immune system, such as HIV.
- Due to deficiency of iron and zinc
- Due to anemia
Symptoms of deficiency of white blood cells (WBC)- low white blood cells symptoms
Many symptoms are seen in the body due to the deficiency of White Blood Cells (WBC). These conditions can be severe or mild and depend on the symptoms.
- Recurrent infections that are difficult to treat
- Breathing Problems
- Weakness and Headache
- Swelling in the Lymph Note
- High fever
- Recurrent pneumonia
- Skin Infection
Apart from this, in some cases, urine infection also occurs, which can cause pain in urinating or you can have frequent urination. Mouth ulcers occur in some people. The problem of sinus infection and blocked nose is also felt. The deficiency of low white blood cells can be serious and even fatal over time. So it is very important to avoid this situation.
Measures to prevent deficiency of white blood cells – Prevention Tips
1. Improve Diet
It is very important to improve the diet. Because lack of vitamins and nutrients can cause anemia in your body. That’s why you must make these changes in your diet. As if
a. Eat foods rich in iron
Eating a diet rich in iron can increase the production of RBCs in your body. It also helps in increasing the WBC count. Therefore, include red meat, kale, leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and mustard greens in your diet. Along with this, eating dry fruits and eggs can also remove the deficiency of iron in the body.
b. Eat Foods Rich in Folic Acid
To increase folic acid, it is important to include foods rich in B vitamins. For this, eat green vegetables, legumes, lentils, peas, fish, milk and cheese. This helps in increasing platelets in the body. Apart from this, you should also consume foods rich in vitamin A and copper. But try to take a balanced diet.
2. Don’t take stress and follow a healthy lifestyle
Stress has a major effect on your immune system. Due to this, the body does not get proper energy from what you eat and you start falling ill faster, which affects the count of white blood cells. Also follow a healthy lifestyle and keep doing yoga and exercise.
The thing to note is that both the lack or excess of white blood cells is not beneficial for you. Therefore, if you come across any of these two conditions, then definitely ask your doctor for suggestions for prevention and follow them in your lifestyle.