Eye problems are increasing in children at an early age. Today, most children have trouble seeing near or far. Many children are unable to read what is written on the black board sitting in the class, so some children have trouble in reading the book.

These are all symptoms of myopia and hypermetropia. But many parents do not pay attention to the health of their children’s eyes and they do not even know much about these problems related to eyes. In such a situation, today we will tell you about the symptoms of myopia and hypermetropia in children, knowing that you can easily identify it in children. Along with this, we will also tell you how to prevent these two, about which we talked to Dr. Aarti Nangia of Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla, New Delhi, MS (Ophthalmology), of Sight Avenue. She is a Senior Consultant as well as a specialist in Femto Laser, Cataract and Refractive and Squint Surgery. So, let us first know what is myopia and hypermetropia.

What is Myopia?

When myopia occurs, the distant eyes of children get damaged. That is, distant objects see them blurry. These days myopia is increasing rapidly in children. The biggest reason behind this is the excessive use of things like computers, mobiles and TVs. Yes, experts believe that it is increasing due to longer hours of closeup tasks like using computers and playing video games. Myopia occurs when the pupil of your child’s eye is too long from front to back. It can also develop when the cornea becomes curved and when light enters your child’s eye, the rays fall right in front of the retina. It makes distant objects blurry and near objects clear. There can be many reasons behind this.

Causes of myopia in children

1. Spending more time on tasks that involve seeing things up close

Myopia is more common in children who spend more time looking at things that are close by. like

– reading in poor lighting
– playing computer games
-Electronic hand held device
-Drawing or using smart phones and tablets too close.

2. Hereditary

Children whose parents have any of these problems can also have this problem. In this way, myopia can be hereditary and can happen in such children, whose family has been facing this problem with everyone.

3. Incorrect glasses or not wearing glasses when needed

The disadvantages of wearing the wrong glasses are many. The biggest disadvantage of which is that it affects the eyesight and the ability to see. Initiating or promoting myopia has also been the habit of wearing wrong glasses or not wearing glasses when needed. So keep getting your kids done and make them wear the right glasses.

Apart from this, there can also be some health related reasons of myopia such as

Retinal detachment – ​​in this the film lining the back of the eye is pulled away, replacing it with distorted vision or blindness.

myopic macular degeneration – this condition is associated with eyeball discomfort

Glaucoma – increased pressure in the eye that damages the peripheral eye and can also cause myopia-like symptoms.

Symptoms of myopia in children – Symptoms of myopia in child

-distant objects blurred
– squint trying to see better

What is Hypermetropia?

In children with hypermetropia, nearby objects appear blurry, but when looking at distant objects, your vision is clear. In such a situation, children feel that their eyes are often tired and are having trouble focusing on objects near the eyes, then it may be hypermetropia. What happens in this is that the light is not focused properly on the back part of your eye, ie the retina, and in which it goes behind the retina.

Causes of Hypermetropia in child

One cause of hypermetropia may be that your eyes are smaller than normal. This means the retina is closer to the pupil, allowing light to pass through the retina. The length of a normal eye is usually about 23 mm, so an eye with a hypermetropic will be smaller than 23 mm. Apart from this, if your cornea is flat, then you may also have hypermetropia. Both of these factors cause light to pass through the retina. Hypermetropia in children is usually genetic. Infants and young children can suffer from hypermetropia, but it should eventually get better on its own. This happens when the eyes become longer as they grow. However, it can cause lazy eye to develop. This is because the eye with the weakest vision is ignored by the brain, and does not learn the correct way to see. If this is not corrected in young children, there is a risk that the weaker eye will never be able to see like the other eye.

Symptoms of Hypermetropia in Child

– trouble seeing near
– Difficulty reading a book

How to prevent myopia and hypermetropia in kids

Catching early symptoms before myopia and hypermetropia develop fully can help in its treatment. However, to avoid both of these, you can take help of some tips. As if

Do not allow children to spend more than three hours a day on close tasks such as reading, homework or screen-time outside of school hours.

-When using a computer, make sure it is at a proper distance from the eyes.

– Every 20 minutes ask to take a break by looking at the whole room for 20 seconds.

-Keep away from smart phone.

– Stop playing excessive TV and video games.

– Learn and keep the lighting of the whole room right while studying.

-Keep away from screen devices three hours before bedtime.

As soon as the symptoms are felt, get the glasses made only after getting the eyes checked properly.

How much the number of glasses and the number of eyes has increased or is decreasing, keep checking from time to time.

Hypermetropia can be corrected by wearing plus powered lenses. It helps to focus the light entering the eye on the correct area of ​​the retina, giving a clearer view.

Eat foods rich in vitamin A and fatty foods rich in omega-3.

Apart from this, make sure to play outdoor games or at least 90 minutes outside the house a day to keep children’s eyes healthy. Prevent excessive use of tablet or phone. Also, ask children to wear glasses and hats while going in the sun so that the sunlight does not damage their eyes slowly.


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